appellation

Chiroubles

The vineyards of the appellation can be found in the administrative commune of Chiroubles, roughly in the center-west of the northern Beaujolais crus. The commune shares a border in the south with Morgon and one in the north with Fleurie (with which it shares a similar terroir).

Around the village of Chiroubles, a type of sand called gore provides the grapes near-perfect growing conditions. As it stores and reflects heat, it optimizes the ripening of the grapes, which moderates the cooler night-time temperatures. Good drainage also causes some water stress, ensuring that the vines focus their resources on the production of high-quality berries rather than leafy foliage. Temperatures in Chiroubles are lower than in other parts of Beaujolais, which means that the vines are five to 10 days behind the normal growing cycle. Chiroubles is also the Cru grown at the highest altitude, cultivated between 820 and 1,475 feet above sea level. The result is a texture so delicate, Chiroubles wines are referred to as the “most Beaujolais” of all the Crus. A little more than one square mile accommodates the area’s 60 growers, who produce an average of 2.3 million bottles a year.

The village was officially delimited as an AOC in the 1930s, along with seven other communes in northern Beaujolais, including Brouilly and Moulin-a-Vent. The villages of Saint-Amour and Regnie followed in the 1940s and the 1980s, respectively. The commune also holds a special place in the 19th Century fight against phylloxera: ampelographer Victor Pulliat, who contributed significant research into the grafting of vines onto phylloxera-resistant rootstock, resided in the area. A monument to his work stands today in the village of Chiroubles.

Last edited on 2/18/2017 by joraesque

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