Designation Articles

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Designation: Irosa

Revision 3; edited by benny-g on 12/12/2017

Indeed, the wines produced by Ravazzi in the collection "Collezione Privata Alberto Ravazzi" all have a specific additional designation ending with the letter "o". Examples are Iroso, Furioso, Borioso and Prezioso.
The font used for this specific designation on the bottle label makes the end letter "o" resemble a letter "a" ...
This wine is designated as "Iroso" and not "Irosa".
Check the Producers website with their current wines

Designation: Mombeltramo Riserva

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 12/11/2017

Designation: Prachiosso

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 12/11/2017

Designation: Canorei

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 12/7/2017

Designation: San Carlo Riserva

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 12/7/2017

Designation: San Michele

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 12/6/2017

Designation: Srü

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/30/2017

Designation: Les Hauts du Py

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/29/2017

Designation: La Madone

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/29/2017

Designation: Loghero

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/28/2017

Designation: Betlemme

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/27/2017

Designation: Trinità

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/27/2017

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/23/2017

Designation: Rosso di Verzella

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/23/2017

Designation: Rampante

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/23/2017

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/23/2017

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/23/2017

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/23/2017

Designation: Filici

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/23/2017

Designation: Zottorinotto

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/23/2017

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/23/2017

Designation: Etna Bianco Arcuria

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/23/2017

Designation: Arcuria

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/23/2017

Designation: Calderara Sottana

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/17/2017

Designation: San Nicolo'

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/17/2017

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/17/2017

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/17/2017

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/17/2017

Designation: Contrada Rampante

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/17/2017

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/17/2017

Designation: Contrada Guardiola

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/16/2017

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/14/2017

Designation: El Ariño Reserva

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/9/2017

Designation: Vina San Marcos

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 11/9/2017

Designation: Erste Lage STK

Revision 1; edited by Jnem on 10/30/2017

Große Lage STK

Designation: Raspberry Port

Revision 1; edited by Mike & Kim's Cellar on 10/15/2017

Raspberry Dessert Wine

Designation: Maestro Raro

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 10/9/2017

Designation: Guilhem

Revision 3; edited by sweetstuff on 9/17/2017

According to the 2016 label, this wine is made from a 50-50 mix of Syrah and Carignane. There is a white, a rosé, and a red version; the white has a distinct blush to it, however.

Revision 1; edited by ronaldnl on 9/6/2017

http://www.vins-rhone.com/fr/appellation/duche-d-uzes

Designation: Hengsberg

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 9/6/2017

Designation: Franzhauser

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 9/4/2017

Designation: Lindbergh

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 7/25/2017

Designation: Il Marroneto

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 7/20/2017

Designation: Piaggione

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 7/13/2017

Designation: Dudenstein VT

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 7/7/2017

Designation: Les Femelottes

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 6/30/2017

Designation: Señorío de Otazu

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 6/26/2017

Revision 14; edited by sweetstuff on 6/16/2017

Trockenbeerenauslese on German Wikipedia | Trockenbeerenauslese on English Wikipedia

Some comments that would mean more to the collectors using Cellartracker than the general Wiki user. The Trockenbeerenauslese was originally a category of wine made from botrytis-affected 'dried berries' (raisins) selected individually one at a time from a very ripe and prolonged harvest. However, the definition of Trockenbeerenauslese was changed at the time of the 1971 German wine laws and makes no mention of the method or time of picking, since those laws defined Prädikatweine based solely on ripeness of the grapes, measured by sugar concentration in the newly pressed must before fermenatation begins, with one infrequent exception--that is for Eisweine. And the minimum ripenesses required were rather low, in the opinion of some, allowing a sort of quality inflation that worked to the benefit of the marketer but to the detriment of the consumer, some felt. <So all the romantic folderol about the harvest methods used for the production of high-end German wine became less than relevant and generally still is, especially in an age of global warming, where what would have been considered unusually ripe harvests are now the rule. It's far easier in a typical recent vintage to have excessive ripeness and acidities that are too low, giving flabby wines where one looks for tense, crisp, refreshing qualities, often even in the sweetest, ripest wines.

However, the most important thing to remember if you are one of the few who can afford to collect these wines, is that the style and quality is more dependent on the difficult and expensive choices made by the specific producer bound on enhancing the fame of his house, than by a number measured on a refractometer. That's why you can buy a "Trockenbeerenauslese" from a little-known producer, with what we would assume to be lower standards, for a seemingly more reasonable price, but buying a similary-designated wine from a passionate maker whose wines are in very high demand may literally cost hundreds to tens of thousands of dollars a bottle. These wines are not only highly sought after by those who know their potentially astonishing quality, but they are produced in miniscule amounts, often only a handful of bottles, and seldom more than a few hundred bottles, of the best wines.

A comment relevant to the Wikipedia article is that it seems to confuse harvest sugar level, on which the law set up, and residual sugar level, or approximately the sweetness of the wine as bottled. The minimum harvest sugar required by the law is approximately 150 grams per liter; but these wines usually have more harvest sugar than that, to allow for the making of a quite sweet dessert-style wine even after much of the sugar is consumed by the yeast in the making of alcohol.

The residual sugar, by the way, in wines that haven't been chapitalized, and to which alcohol has not been added or removed is the sugar remaining or residing in the wine after some of it is consumed by fermentation. This residual sugar may be one contributor to a percieved sweetness in the wine, along with other factors. One could think that the concentration of residual sugar in Brix degrees (grams per 100 ml) is equal to the measured harvest sugar (potential alcohol) in the same units minus the actual alcohol in the wine (for approximation ml alcohol per 100 ml wine) This concentration of residual sugar is expressed as percent potential alcohol, not grams per liter of fruit sugars. To get the actual sugar concentration it is necessary to multiphy the figure so obtained about 1.6. For instance, a wine that has a harvest sugar (as potential allcohol) of 21.5 percent and which has 8.5 percent alcohol by volume would have a calculated residual sugar level in potential alcohol of 13 percent, or a residual sugar of about 20.6 percent, calculated.

Although many factors influence percieved sweeetness, most amateur tasters don't percieve sweetness in wines until about 1 to 2 percent actual residual sugar is present. Until sugar levels are about 6 to 8 percent, these same tasters most often will describe the wine as definitely sweet. Above this level, wines are usually intended as dessert, and have a prominent sweetness as one of the most important components of taste.

Since German Prädikat wines are classified by level of harvest sugar, a table will tell you that the minimum value for a Trockenbeerenauslese is 150 degrees Oechsle. Dividing this number by 8 gives a rule-of-thumb measure of potential alcohol at harvest; for the low end of the scale for these wines, that would be about 18.8 degrees Brix, although 20 plus is a more common actual measurement. If a Trockenbeerenauslese has, say, 7.5 percent alcohol (not an uncommon figure), the residual sugar as potential alcohol is estimated at 18.8 - 7.5 = 11.3 degrees Brix. Multiplying this by 1.6, this comes to about 18 grams of resudal sugar per 100 ml--this is decidedly sweet, but not unusual at all for this style of wine. Thus Trockenbeerenauslesen are very sweet wines, commonly.

In addition to sweetness caused by carbohydrate sugars (not all of which are equally sweet or sweet at all), there are three other major factors influencing percieved sweetness in a wne, and that are likely to be active when these wines are tasted. First is a negative effect based on organic and inorganic acids contained in the finished wine==the more sour-tasting acids therein contained, the less sweet the wine tastes, up to the point that most tasters mignt not notice them at all.
Second is the fruitiness of the wine in the nose and mouth, which have a decided effect when especially a relatively young wine is judged. Third is the actual content of alcohols, especially ethanol, which has a measurable sweetness in hydroalcoholic solutions in the concentrations commonly encountered in wines. So it's a mistake to conclude that it's just sugar content that is the major determinant. jht

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