Vineyard Articles

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Revision 1; edited by joraesque on 10/10/2019

Attune Winery Notes:
"Cultivating balance in the vineyard requires listening to your intuition as much as your vines. With the assistance of Andrew Avellar from Carneros Vineyard Management, we sustainably farm 8.5 acres of an ancient riverbed, located in the heart of Sonoma County's Carneros appellation. Our 100% Pinot Noir vineyard is divided into four distinct blocks, and planted with a field blend of two Burgundian clones from the Cote d’Or that are ideally suited to our soils and location. Clone 667 gives us beautiful acidity, great structure, small clusters, intense color and a long finish, while clone 115 helps us achieve a sophisticated elegance and incredible aromatics. Together, these clones produce a wine with complex synergies and exceptional balance. We meticulously tend our vines throughout the year, thinning the crop dramatically to ensure they produce no more than 2 to 2.5 tons per acre. We then hand-pick based solely on flavor, harvesting selected blocks over the course of multiple nights to capture and preserve the freshness and purity of night-chilled fruit."

Vineyard: Banksdale

Revision 1; edited by LindsayM on 10/2/2019

The Albariño grapes used to make this wine were grown at our Banksdale vineyard at 485m above sea level in the upper King Valley.

Revision 1; edited by LindsayM on 9/27/2019

The Fusilier Vineyard is named in honour of Sam’s father, Major Dermot Neill, a soldier in the Royal Irish Fusilier Regiment for twenty years before returning home to Dunedin, New Zealand, where he ran the family Wine & Spirit business, Neill & Co. Planted entirely in 2000, The Fusilier is 5.6 hectares of Pinot Noir, on rolling northerly facing terraces at the western end of Felton Rd and bordered by the vineyard of the same name. Soils on the terraces consist of deep alluvial fans, which are made up of varying depths of silt, sand and gravel layering all derived from mountainous raw schist parent material.

Vineyard: Les Corbeaux

Revision 1; edited by LindsayM on 9/24/2019

Les Corbeaux is a Premier Cru climat within the Gevrey-Chambertin appellation just south of Dijon. The vineyard is at the very northern end of the Gevrey-Chambertin Grand Cru hill, next to the Mazis-Chambertin Grand Cru climat. The wines made here, based on Pinot Noir, are medium bodied with red fruit characters and soft tannins, but lack the concentration of the Gevrey-Chambertin Grand Cru wines.

The vineyard sits just south of the village of Gevrey-Chambertin itself, at the mouth of the Combe de Lavaux, a small valley that cuts into the Cote d’Or escarpment. This valley has a significant effect on the terroir in many of the central climats of Gevrey-Chambertin, including Les Corbeaux and its surrounding Premier Cru climats Fonteny and Issarts.

This is reflected in the mesoclimate of Les Corbeaux, particularly in relation to the Grand Cru climats. Here, a westerly wind that is funneled through the Combe brings cooling influences to the vineyard, and the grapes have less time to develop phenols and sugars. This leads ultimately to a lighter style of wine than comes from the more sheltered Grand Cru vineyards to the south.

Les Corbeaux has a similar soil makeup to Mazis-Chambertin, with a high proportion of limestone and clay. This has proved very useful viticulturally, as it stores water as well as draining excess, forcing vines to work hard for hydration. Vigor and yield is reduced as a result, leading to the production of high-quality berries.

The vineyard’s position on the edge of the Grand Cru climats means that its wines demand some high prices, despite not being one of the best terroirs in Gevrey-Chambertin.

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Vineyard: Clos de la Rue

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Vineyard: Les Hauts-Doix

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Vineyard: Rüncot

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This is part of the Cru Ginestra. On weinlagen-info

Revision 1; edited by ChipGreen on 9/18/2019

Located on the eastern hillsides of Dry Creek Valley, the 22-acre Bushnell Vineyard has been closely related to the Pedroncelli family for over 50 years. Winery founder John Sr. purchased the property in 1943, and, at the time, it was planted to Zinfandel, Petite Sirah and Carignane. The vineyard was sold to son-in-law Al Pedroni in the 1950s and he tended the vineyard for over 40 years. Al’s daughter Carol Bushnell inherited the vineyard in the 1990s and she and her husband Jim now farm it. They grow Zinfandel and Petite Sirah.

Vineyard: Polish Hill

Revision 1; edited by LindsayM on 9/8/2019

Grosset Polish Hill is produced exclusively from the eight-hectare estate-owned Polish Hill Vineyard (certified organic) in the Clare Valley. The gently sloping site, selected and planted by Grosset more than two decades ago, is comprised of silt and shallow shales over a thin crust of clay and gravel. This overlays a bed of blue slate, estimated to be around 500-million-years old.

This ‘hard rock’ site was originally part of a larger estate but was considered to be of limited agricultural value and so was sold off. The vines here struggle to draw nutrients from the soil, so the bunches and berries are small, and the fruit flavours lean and austere. Indeed, this vineyard exemplifies how old-rock profiles can contribute to a wine’s character.

Relatively close-planted to three clones (two German and one rare local clone), this organic vineyard is completely tended by hand; hand-pruning, shoot and crop adjustment and 100% hand harvesting ensure pristine quality organic fruit is delivered to the (ACO certified) organic status winery at Auburn.

No tillage is employed and no fertilisers are introduced: a mix of natural and introduced clovers and grasses are maintained between the vines and allowed to self-seed.

Since the first striking example of the wine in 1981, Grosset has maintained a winemaking approach which brings out the best of this unique site.

Its challenging rocky profile results in low yields with an average of two bottles of wine per vine being produced.

‘We planted the Polish Hill vineyard in 1996, following years of research into the influences of soil, rock and altitude on riesling. Being a hard rock site overlaid with silty, low fertility soils, the vines struggle and crops are low. While challenging to manage, the result is strikingly different.’ JG
Polish Hill Riesling

Vineyard: Springvale

Revision 1; edited by LindsayM on 9/8/2019

Springvale is a six hectare vineyard and part of a much larger property at Watervale in the Clare Valley. A truly unique viticultural site due to its geology, relative isolation and high altitude, it was purchased by Grosset in 1999 and planted in 2000. The thin topsoil is made up of red loams interspersed with shale over limestone, and the vines are deeply rooted in the slate bedrock. Grosset Springvale Riesling is produced entirely from Springvale Vineyard.

The soil is not worked and no fertiliser is used. Instead, a mix of natural and introduced grasses and clovers are allowed to grow and self-seed in between the vines. Meanwhile, the rest of the property is being progressively returned to native vegetation. This promotes greater species diversity and strengthens both the sustainability of the site and the vines’ resilience by facilitating natural pest control and disease management. Springvale is an ACO certified organic vineyard.

The relatively close-planted vines (2,500/hectare) are hand-tended with the shoots positioned vertically. The shoot and bunch density of each vine are closely monitored and the vines are trimmed manually whenever necessary.

Planted entirely to three clones of riesling (one widely planted German, one rare German and one of local origin), the sturdy and resilient vines produce compact yellow-green bunches of moderate sized berries. Hand-harvesting ensures the delivery of the fruit in pristine condition. Each vine produces an average of two-and-a-half bottles of wine.

Vineyard: Tout Près

Revision 1; edited by LindsayM on 9/7/2019

Tout Pres was planted in 2001 and is a very special and intriguing site. It rises above the other vineyards, and each of the three slopes consists of a different soil type. The largest slope is black volcanic soil over limestone; the second is quartz gravel mixed with red ironstone; the third is an iron strand in grey sandy loam. The clones, which will acclimatise and mutate over time to become the ‘Tout Pres clone’, are 113, 114, 115, 667, 777 and MV6.

With 7300 vines per half-acre, Tout Pres is the most densely planted vineyard on the estate—hence its name, which translates as “very cosy”. This land is a challenge to farm, but well worth the effort. The soils and close competition force the vines to work hard, with the result being fruit that is lush but masculine, and which provides the coveted structure found only in the most age-worthy wines.

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Vineyard: Les Chaboeufs

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Vineyard: Les Argillats

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Vineyard: Les Charmots

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Vineyard: Les Charmottes

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Vineyard: Les Brulées

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Vineyard: Les Charmois

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Vineyard: Les Porrets

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Vineyard: Biamonti

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Vineyard: Issan

Revision 1; edited by LindsayM on 9/1/2019

Planted in 1993/94 on a lean, minerally site, 15 kilometers from the winery, this vineyard has cropped at extremely low levels. (approx a half tonne per acre. 9000 vines/HA ; and tiny bunches/small berries, give us unique wines with depth and softness unlike anything we have seen in Australia.

These wines have usually been used as part of restaurant house blends, but occasionally we release special vintages when the quality is exceptional.

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 8/27/2019

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Cannubi San Lorenzo on weinlagen-info
Ravera on weinlagen-info

Revision 1; edited by LindsayM on 8/25/2019

■Toriibira District
It is a very small area located on the southwest hillslope of Mt. Kashiwao. As it gets long hours of sunlight and also has a big difference in temperature between day and night because of the cool breezes blown down upon from Sasago-toge Pass, it meets all the conditions for grapes to ripen thoroughly. Strong flavor of the grapes grown from the clay soil mixed with gravels is reflected in its wine’s deep flavor. Part of the harvested grapes from this area gets fermented in small barrels.

Vineyard: Le Clos

Revision 4; edited by charlie11 on 8/22/2019

Vineyard in Vacqueyras On weinlagen-info
Vineyard in Vezelay On weinlagen-info
Vineyard in Saint--Veran

Vineyard: Braunsdorfer

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 8/20/2019

Vineyard: China Terrace

Revision 1; edited by LindsayM on 8/13/2019

The China Terrace vineyard comes from Bendigo some 300-350 metres above sea level, on a gently sloping site in the midst of the towering cragginess of the Dunstan Ranges. This area was home to the Chinese mining population during the Bendigo Gold Rush.
This vineyard’s altitude means the warmth of Bendigo is tempered giving great balance, later ripening and red fruit flavours to its wines. Whilst opulent with its high tone fruit, China Terrace provides very integrated complex savoury tannins.

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 8/6/2019

Revision 2; edited by joraesque on 7/26/2019

Carlisle vineyard was planted in 1927 by Alcide Pelletti on the eastern bench of the Laguna de Santa Rosa flood plain. Both sides of the Laguna were popular for settlement by Italians immigrants in the late 1800s/early 1900s. Today, thanks to families like the Pelletti's, Frati's, Marcucci's, Barbieri's, Papera's, Mancini's, Maffei's, Montafi's, Bacigalupi's, Gambogi's, Fava's, and Saitone's, this area represents “ground zero” when it comes to old-vine Russian River Valley Zinfandel.

Vineyard: Les Evocelles

Revision 2; edited by LindsayM on 7/15/2019

FROM THE OLD WORLD: Premium French Pinot Noir - One vision, two hemispheres.
Gevrey-Chambertin is located at 47° North. Humans first settled here from between 100-500AD during Roman times. Archaeological digs have found vines dating from this period. As Christianity developed in France, the monks began to plant vines on the Côte d'Or and to learn about how the same vines produced different styles of wine on different plots of land along the Côte. Over time, they worked out the different plots and delineated these on maps. These plots have evolved into the Grand Crus, Premier Crus and AOCs of today.

We came to Gevrey-Chambertin for the first time in the summer of 2000, with a 5 month old baby, a five year old, four suitcases, a pushchair and a baby cot for a summer holiday. We stayed in a little rented apartment above the winery of the Esmonin family in Clos Saint-Jacques, a legendary Premier Cru vineyard. There is a chapel on the clos, where pilgrims doing the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela from eastern France would stop to rest, on their way south, to Spain – no one knows how old this is, except that it has been there for hundreds of years.

Every morning PM would get up at day break and make a bottle for our baby Hugh, and she would see the sunrise softly over the vines of the Clos, and the Côte – a beautiful sight, heralding the start of another summer's day.

Every evening we would sit on the balcony overlooking Clos Saint-Jacques. The church bells would ring at 6 o'clock, their rich mellow tones rolling across the village as they have done for hundreds of years, marking the end of the day on the Côte and signaling to the vignerons it was time to lay down their tools and go home.

Somewhere in the middle of these two weeks in Gevrey, we signed the contract to buy the land at Lowburn, a curious coincidence. A year later, we found our house which was almost a ruin, and a new chapter began for us on the Côte. As we grew our vines in Lowburn, we also learnt about wine and vines on the other side of the world, made friends and explored the Old World.

In 2013 we had the good luck to acquire a small parcel of vines in Gevrey and to work with Gerard Quivy, a fine winemaker who makes elegant and spirited wines in a straightforward, non-interventionist style.

The name "Les Evocelles" is derived from old Burgundian dialect, which means the bushy place. One of our neighbours who is a wine historian, thinks that this may have been a wood long ago, before it was cleared by the monks and turned into a vineyard. Certainly a little wood remains on our land, and it is a delightful place with wild flowers in spring and summer.

The rich yellow soil is argilo-calcaire, or calciferous clay, and filled with rocks and the fossils of long dead molluscs.

The vines are between 80 to 100 years old, planted post-phylloxera. They are gnarly, venerable bits of wood. Since the acquisition, we have planted some new vines, replaced some old vines and also added some soil to the top half of the vineyard, to address erosion which has occurred over the years. This soil came from another AOC classified vineyard, as required by French law.

Les Evocelles is farmed organically and wild flowers grow everywhere in the spring and summer.

Les Evocelles: This 10.44-hectare climat is situated in the commune of Brochon but is entitled to the AOC Gevrey-Chambertin. The vineyard is located high up the hill at the northwesterly-most point in viticultural Gevrey. The name derives from a corruption of Les Broselles, referring to a patch of scrubland. All of the adjacent and neighboring vineyards are designated Premier Cru. Les Evocelles enjoys a favorable south, southeast exposition and lies on the same calcareous soil as its neighboring Premiers Crus Champeaux and Combe aux Moines. While it is unclear why Les Evocelles missed out on the more prestigious denomination, arguably the high elevation of the vineyard, at almost 400 meters, occasionally affects the ripeness of the grapes in cool vintages. An excellent source is Domaine de la Vougeraie.

Vineyard: School House

Revision 2; edited by LindsayM on 7/14/2019

"The School House Pinot Noir embodies the extremities of Central Otago. Coming from a sloping vineyard 400 meters above sea level in Bendigo, it ripens late, with warm days and cool nights preserving colour, depth, nerve and vitality. Great tension then gets expressed in the wine, as shapely fruit, is offset by an natural acid drive, nervy structure and coating minerality. A vineyard that is staggeringly beautiful elicits a wine that exudes sheer class"
Christopher Keys, Winemaker

The highest of the Bendigo Vineyards, the School House Vineyard at 400 meters gives spectacular wines – and views. Its gently sloping North face is frost resistant and lies adjacent to the original School building of the Bendigo community.
The beauty of this vineyard is the combination of finer complex glacial outwash and schist soils, and later, cooler ripening. Here Pinot Noir gains remarkable elegance, perfume and length, with fine mineral tannins.
The School House Pinot Noir has great depth of fruit, and a structure based on the combination of fine acidity and mineral tannin.

From a high altitude Bendigo vineyard, the soil type is fine loess and sand over glacial outwash and schist.

This is a combination of clones 667, 114, 6, 777 and 115.

Revision 1; edited by LindsayM on 7/14/2019

Close-planted in the Burgundian style, this site produces low crops if intense fruit.

Our Glenlee Vineyard was planted in 2003, by Californian visionary Gary Andrus. This site is close-planted with 6000 vines per hectacre on what was once a sheep station.

This vineyard's location and planting shows fruit clarity at its best, combining fragrance with concentration and structure. Wines from this site are intense, lifted and delicately spiced. This fruit is used in our single vineyard Glenlee Pinot Noir.

Elevation: 360m - 380m
Year Planted: 2003
Soil: Silty schist loess deposits atop rocky schist alluvium gravels
Variety: Single Vineyard Pinot Noir, Pinot Noir
Vineyard Characteristic: High-density planting on the Burgundian model with 6000 vines per hectacre on what was once a sheep station
Flavour Profile: Wines are intense, lifted and delicately spiced

Vineyard: Les Grézeaux

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 7/10/2019

Vineyard: Celilo Vineyard

Revision 1; edited by joraesque on 7/7/2019

One of the most spectacular vineyard sites in the US, at a confluence of strikingly opposed climates, alpine mountains and the mammoth Columbia River basin. The Gewurtztraminer vines are over 35 years old, on steep exposition.

Revision 2; edited by charlie11 on 7/2/2019

Ciel du Cheval (named for the wonderful views of the neighboring Horse Heaven Hills) sits further down the Red Mountain slope from Tapteil on slightly more vigorous soils. Jim Holmes has employed a fan trellis system and careful management to great effect; the wines are among the most elegant from Red Mountain without sacrificing any of the power and intensity typical of the terroir.

On weinlagen-info

Vineyard: Côte Pelée

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Vineyard: Chapelot

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Vineyard: Ried Steineiche

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This is a brand name, not a vineyard.

Vineyard: Ried Steinborz

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Vineyard: Stein am Rain

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Vineyard: Käferberg

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Vineyard: Ried Renner

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