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Varietal Articles

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Varietal: Red Blend

Revision 95; edited by joraesque on 4/17/2024


Revision 3; edited by ProfessorM on 4/17/2024

A very popular blend in Australia-particularly from South Australia, where the two varietals work well together. The most famous of these would be the Penfolds Bin 389, considered Australia's most cellared wine. In years gone by this was referred to as "Baby Grange" as some of the wine used barrels from the vintage of Grange.

The 2018 Paternus states only McLaren Vale Shiraz (no Cab Sav).

Varietal: Pinot Nero

Revision 1; edited by charlie11 on 2/13/2024

Is identical to Pinot Noir

Revision 1; edited by on 1/2/2024

Diolinoir 100%

Revision 4; edited by Bighwine on 12/29/2023


Varietal: Heida

Revision 3; edited by AD_jutant on 12/13/2023

Heida is a name used in Switzerland for Savagnin, also known as Traminer.


Varietal: Syrah Blend

Revision 12; edited by golfwine on 11/28/2023

The 2018 is 40% Merlot and 60% Syrah.

Varietal: Grenache Blend

Revision 15; edited by joraesque on 11/24/2023


Varietal: Nerello Blend

Revision 1; edited by Luiz G on 10/21/2023

A Nerello Mascalese é uma variedade de uva tinta amplamente cultivada nas encostas vulcânicas do Monte Etna, na Sicília. Os vinhos elaborados a partir da Nerello Mascalese receberam ampla notoriedade na última década, são exemplares frescos, com aromas frutados e herbáceos, bem como excelente mineralidade e uma nuance terrosa. Além disso, os vinhos Nerello Mascalese têm um perfume semelhantes com os vinhos nobres de Borgonha e Barolo.

A variedade recebeu esse nome devido a planície de Mascali, entre o Monte Etna e a costa onde acredita-se ser sua terra natal – uma pequena porção de vinhas que restou após o ataque da filoxera na década de 1880. O prefixo Nerello refere-se à coloração escura das uvas, compartilhado também pela casta Nerello Cappuccio, parceiro de mistura mais comum da variedade. Ambas são encontradas nos vinhos produzidos na denominação de origem de Etna, onde a uva Nerello Mascalese representa a maior parte da mistura e é cultivada em maiores quantidades do que a Cappuccio.

Os solos compostos por materiais vulcânicos de Etna combinados com altitudes que chegam a até 1.000 metros – alguns dos vinhedos mais altos da Europa – ajudam a produzir vinhos com caráter e complexidade imensa, sem o peso excessivo característico dos vinhos tintos da Sicília.

As vinhas da Nerello Mascalese é uma variedade de maturação tardia e dominam também a DOC Faro, em torno da cidade de Messina. Situada nas colinas acima da cidade, as videiras cultivadas em Faro alcançam altitudes impressionantes, contribuindo para a elaboração de vinhos com características singulares.

Fora de Etna e de Faro, a uva Nerello Mascalese é utilizada em misturas nos vinhos rotulados como Sicília IGT, ao lado da variedade dominante da ilha, a Nero d’Avola. Estes vinhos são produzidos nas versões tintas, mas exemplares rosés também são encontrados. Na Calábria, as denominações de Lamezia, Savuto e Sant’Anna di Isolia Capo Rizzuto também permitem o uso da Nerello Mascalese para o uso em vinhos de corte.

Varietal: White Blend

Revision 47; edited by Winiac on 9/18/2023

"White blend" means the wine is made from a blend of two or more different white varieties - or in some cases a blend of pink or red varieties that are vinified white, ie. without any skin contact.
A blend of Antao, Arinto, Rouperio.

Varietal: Shiraz Blend

Revision 2; edited by Theresa McLachlan on 9/10/2023


Varietal: Chardonel

Revision 7; edited by MindMuse on 9/10/2023

Varietal character (Appellation America).
Iowa State fact sheet.
New York State Agricultural Experiment Station (NYSAES) fact sheet.

Revision 12; edited by AndrewSGHall on 9/6/2023

Sangiovese blend is used in CellarTracker for Italian wines to represent wines predominantly made of Sangiovese and blended with traditional Italian grapes. It is different than SuperTuscan which is a blend of Sangiovese with non-traditional (eg Bordeaux) varieties, often in closer to equal portions. For example, Chianti is at least 80% Sangiovese and will always be listed Sangiovese blend.

Varietal: Lagrein

Revision 2; edited by Philippusk on 8/28/2023

Varietal: Centesimino

Revision 1; edited by Alpton on 8/19/2023

Albana Nera

Varietal: Prosecco

Revision 4; edited by on 7/15/2023


Varietal: Rice

Revision 2; edited by goakley on 3/29/2023

Rice is the core ingredient to Sake, which is a rice wine of Japanese origin. To create Sake, the rice is "polished", removing some amount of its tough outer layers to reveal the neutral flavour of the grain. Once milled, the rice is brewed (like beer), converting the starch from the rice into sugars that can then ferment and become alcohol.

Sake can be more narrowly identified using special designations. These can refer to specific ingredients, rice polishing ratios (amount of rice discarded through milling), and general flavour profile (dry vs sweet). While sakes with the same designation often taste similar, there are plenty of exceptions in each category.

Some common sake designations include:
* Junmai Daiginjo - at least 50% of rice polished away (the highest commonly-accepted rice polishing ratio of any common designation).
* Diaginjo - similar to Jumnai Daiginjo, but with alcohol added by the brewers early in the process to adjust the flavour of the final product.
* Junmai Ginjo - at least 40% of the rice polished away.
* Ginjo - Similar to Junmai Ginjo, but with alcohol added by the brewers early in the process to adjust the flavour of the final product.
* Nama - unpasteurised sake, referring to the process used to kill off bacteria and stabilise the brew. Nama sake is pasteurised only once, or sometimes not at all.

Some useful resources for learning about Sake include:

Varietal: Viognier

Revision 6; edited by WarEagle80 on 3/25/2023

Viogner is wrong wine

This is nonsense.

Varietal: Lucido

Revision 1; edited by on 3/24/2023

Catarratto 100% and not Lucido

Varietal: Sauvignon

Revision 1; edited by Monster1022 on 11/29/2022

Sauvignon Blanc blend

Varietal: Mazuelo

Revision 1; edited by Monster1022 on 11/28/2022

Mazuelo is Carignan, a difficult grape to grow.

Varietal: Rolle

Revision 1; edited by Monster1022 on 11/28/2022

Very interesting grape

Revision 7; edited by rosenbaum on 11/4/2022

Tempranillo is the backbone of wines made ihvhhcn the best well-known Spanish regions Rioja and Ribera del Duero, but is also grown as far afield as Mexico and Australia.

As a flavor profile, red fruits like strawberries and cherries can predominate - but with a rustic edge. The Many wines made from Tempranillo will spend a few years in barrel and bottle before reaching the consumers . Many Tempranillo-based wines see a few years of oak - add that to a few years of bottle and the wine can give a subtle - and occasionaly not-so-subtle - leathery mouthfeel. The combination of the tart fruit and tannins make this wine very food friendly.

Varietal: Merlot

Revision 10; edited by forceberry on 11/2/2022

Merlot is a dark blue–colored wine grape variety, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines. The name Merlot is thought to be a diminutive of merle, the French name for the blackbird, probably a reference to the color of the grape. Its softness and "fleshiness", combined with its earlier ripening, makes Merlot a popular grape for blending with the sterner, later-ripening Cabernet Sauvignon, which tends to be higher in tannin.

Varietal: Piedirosso

Revision 1; edited by joraesque on 10/16/2022

Piedirosso is an ancient, black-skinned grape variety found throughout Campania, Italy.

Single-variety wines made from Piedirosso tend to be deep ruby in color and full bodied with soft tannins. Typical flavors in these wines include plum, cherry and brambly wild berry fruit. More complex characteristics such as espresso, mushroom and damp earth are exhibited in the better examples.

A minerally, almost salty characteristic can be found in many Piedirosso wines. This can in part be attributed to the volcanic soils in which the grape thrives.

Varietal: Fiano

Revision 1; edited by Storky on 9/30/2022


Varietal: Rebula

Revision 1; edited by martinlopez on 8/4/2022

Varietal: Godello

Revision 7; edited by anubis on 5/13/2022

Varietal: Valdiguié

Revision 3; edited by Eric on 1/26/2022

Varietal: Ribeyrenc Noir

Revision 1; edited by lvjohn on 1/4/2022

Varietal: Pinot Grigio

Revision 2; edited by Lise M on 12/26/2021

Varietal character (Appellation America) This is not Pinot Grigio! Prosecco is made from Glera!

Varietal: Champagne Blend

Revision 16; edited by forceberry on 11/12/2021

"Champagne blend" is a classic grape blend that typically includes Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and/or Pinot Meunier in any proportions.

However, this blend can also include Arbane, Fromenteau (Pinot Gris), Petit Meslier and/or Pinot Blanc as well.

Varietal: Corvina Blend

Revision 9; edited by pasquali on 11/1/2021

Primarily Corvina and Corvinone (45% to 95%), and Rondinella (5 to 30%). Sometimes includes Molinara, Oseleta, Negrara, Pelara, Spigamonti, etc, and, in small quantity, international red grapes allowed in the Valpolicella region.

Varietal: Syrah

Revision 20; edited by tward on 10/25/2021

Varietal article (Wikipedia) | (Wines Northwest)

Note that some producers in the Northern Rhone distinguish between simply Syrah and "Serine", the latter described as ‘an ancient clone of Syrah, the berries of which are more oval-shaped and less deeply pigmented than Syrah’ by producer Tardieu-Laurent.

Varietal: Tannat Blend

Revision 2; edited by RajeshA on 10/24/2021

Cabernet Franc

Revision 1; edited by alexparr on 10/21/2021

Melon de Bourgogne or Melon is a variety of white grape grown primarily in the Loire Valley region of France. It is also grown in North America. It is best known through its use in the white wine Muscadet.

In the U.S., Federal law prevents "Muscadet" from being used for American-produced wine; only the full name of the grape, or the shortened "Melon" can be used.

Source: Wikipedia

Varietal: Pedro Ximénez

Revision 1; edited by martinlopez on 10/1/2021

Varietal: Negrette

Revision 3; edited by tward on 9/23/2021

Negrette is a varietal originally planted just to the side of Toulouse by settlers from Cyprus during the Crusades. It is one of the oldest varietals in the world and it has light to medium bodied style and soaring perfume of spice and violets.

This is a nice reference:

Varietal: Fruit Blend

Revision 2; edited by Storky on 9/10/2021

Strawberry Wine
Apples Pears (wild and cultivated) Quince
Savagnin & Garganega skins

Varietal: Raboso

Revision 2; edited by bgarfold on 7/31/2021

Varietal: Pignatello

Revision 1; edited by paulfoto on 7/10/2021


Revision 4; edited by jpecht on 7/2/2021

A white wine containing two or more Rhône varieties, including: Viognier, Marsanne, Roussanne, Clairette, Grenache Blanc and Bourboulenc.

Varietal: Škrlet

Revision 2; edited by forceberry on 7/2/2021

A white grape variety of unknown origin, but due to the fact it is grown only in subregions of Moslavina and Pokuplje (where by the Wine Law included among the recommended cultivars), many experts claim that it is indigenous in those areas. The first description of this cultivar was published in the Austrian Economic Journal in 1856. (Croatian grapevines in the report), thanks to Ljudevit (Farkaš) Vukotinović. It has medium resistance to powdery and downy mildew, but good to gray mold. Sugar content in the grapes is generally not high (usually around 16%, only in good years it reaches 18%), but it is rich in acid content (from 8 up to 11g/l). Characterized by extremely pleasant aroma and balanced taste of this wine when it is produced in accordance with the appropriate technological process and using ripe, healthy grapes. As of today its production is quite limited and protected in the group of quality wines under the name of Moslavački škrlet.

Varietal: Gamay

Revision 4; edited by GMtheFourth on 3/27/2021

Plant Robez

Varietal: Pinotage Blend

Revision 1; edited by 61 on 3/23/2021

Pinot Grigio

Varietal: Rosé Blend

Revision 11; edited by ChipGreen on 3/7/2021

"Rosé blend" can mean a blend of just about any varietals since the designation comes from the resulting color of the wine.

Varietal: Jacquère

Revision 1; edited by SWHighlander on 2/17/2021

Jacquère is a variety of white grape found primarily in the Savoy wine region of France.It is a high-yielding vine variety which is used to produce lightly scented, refreshing and gently aromatic dry white wine, such as Vin de Savoie. Jacquère is the grape used in Apremont wines and is the usual wine paired with cheese fondue (a dish from the same region).

It is also found in Bugey wines. Jacquère has been grown in some Condrieu vineyards, but it is officially not allowed to be used in Condrieu AOC wine. DNA testing has shown its origins to be Gouais blanc and another unknown. Jacquère is thought to be of French origin.

Varietal: Grignolino

Revision 2; edited by Sean McGrath on 2/5/2021

Producers in the Asti region try to model Grignolino on the wines of Beaujolais and those made from the Dolcetto grape in the Cuneo. These light bodied, pale colored wines are made to be consumed young and while waiting for the brawnier, Nebbiolo and Barbera based wines of the region to age. While the grapes are relatively low in alcohol at around 11-12% ABV, they do have a significant amount of tannins due to the abundance of pips, or seeds. Modern winemaking techniques try to minimize the amount of tannin extraction by utilizing slow and gentle pressings. Wines made from Grignolino can have noticeably strong acidity and fruity aroma with alpine notes.

Revision 1; edited by zinfandel601 on 1/22/2021

Varietal: Famoso

Revision 1; edited by zinfandel601 on 1/22/2021

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